HUG Research

 Published Articles and Research on HUG Your Baby:


The HUG: An Innovative Approach to Nursing Care

…published in MCN, 2007, 32(4):210-214. Describes the background used to develop The HUG. The three HUG Strategies: “Start Here, not There”, “See, then Share”, and “Gaze, then Engage”, are also discussed.

AuthorsJan Tedder, BSN, FNP and Nancy Register, MSN, FNP


Give The HUG: An Innovative Approach to Helping Parents Understand the Language of Their Newborn

…published in Journal of Perinatal Education, 2008, 17(2):14-20. Describes the medical and child development background used to develop HUG Your Baby. Case studies demonstrate the use of these concepts and materials with young families.

AuthorJan Tedder, BSN, FNP


Teaching for Birth and Beyond: Incorporating Online Learning about Newborn Behavior into the Training of Childbirth, Lactation, and Doula Professionals

…published in the International Journal of Childbirth Education, 2012, 27(3):65-68. This research shows that

100% of participants confirm (among other things) that:

  • “This program gave me helpful tools and strategies for teaching parents about newborn behavior.”
  • “This online learning format was easy to follow.”
  • “I would recommend this course to colleagues.”
  • Learn more about this research . . . 

Author: Jan Tedder, BSN, FNP, IBCLC 


Supporting Fathers in a NICU: Effects of the HUG Your Baby Program on Fathers’ Understanding of Preterm Infant Behavior 

…published in the Journal of Perinatal Education, 2013, 22(2):113-110. This study confirms that when fathers with preterm infants are taught the HUG Your Baby material their knowledge of infant behavior increases.   Learn more about this research . . .   

Authors: M. Kadivar and  Maryam Mozafarinia, RN, MSN  Learn more about this author. . . 


HUG Your Baby: Evidence Based Support Tool for Early Child Rearing

…published in the Japanese Journal of Nursing Education, 2013, 54(12):1114-1118. Reviews components of HUG Your Baby program, Japanese nursing faculty’s response to this program, and the potential of the HUG Your Baby’ program to positively impact young Japanese families.

Authors: Yoko Shimpuku, RN,CNM PHN,PhD, and Jan Tedder, BSN, FNP, IBCLC


Completed Research Pending Publication:

Effects of The HUG Educational Program on Stress of Fathers of Preterm Infants

… concludes that fathers exposed to The HUG experience decreased parental stress. Researcher: Maryam Mozafarinia, RN, MSN


HUG Your Baby: An Evidence-Based Strategy for Teaching Professionals How to Help Parents Understand the Language of their Newborn

The purpose of this study was to assess the effectiveness of HUG Your Baby’s one-day community-wide training and to tease out the difference between a professional’s ability to explain information and their ability to demonstrate that information. Results include:

  • Participants reported a 48% increase in confidence in their ability to explain newborn behavior to parents.
  • Participants reported a 32% increase in their confidence to demonstrate newborn behavior to parents.
  • Comparing initial learning to a one month followup revealed a persisting increase in knowledge of newborn behavior.

Researchers: Gale Touger, BSN, FNP, and  Maryam Mozafarinia, RN, MSN


Teaching Parents about Newborn Behavior: A Program to Enhance Home VIsitors’ Knowledge of Babies and Confidence to Teach
This research was conducted with home visiting educators from the Parents As Teachers (PAT) program. Findings include:

  • Educators participating in this educational program showed increased confidence to teach parents (significant at 95%).
  • Educators participating in this program showed increased knowledge about infant behavior (significant at 90-95%).
  • 95% of educators participating in this program rated high satisfaction with the program.
  • 92% of parents  participating in this program stated that it gave them information and skills that would improve their parenting.
  • Learn more about this research . . . 

Researchers: Jan Tedder, FNP, IBCLC, Jane Morrow, PhD, Maryam Mozafarinia, RN, MSN.


Research in Progress:

HUG Your Baby: Web-Based Program to Help Nursing Students Understand and Teach Parents about Infant Behavior.
The purpose of this study is to explore the effectiveness of the “HUG Your Baby: Helping Parents Understand Their Infant” web-based course as a tool to increase student nurses’ ability and confidence in: recognizing infant behaviors, interpreting those behaviors, and teaching parents to respond appropriately to infant behaviors.

Researcher: Kathy Alden, PhD, at the University of North Carolina-Chapel Hill School of Nursing, Chapel Hill, NC, USA. Learn more this research. . .


The Impact of The HUG on High Risk Mothers’ Self-Efficacy

Researcher: Julee Waldrop, PNP, FNP, DNP, University of Central Florida, Orlando, Orlando Fl, USA. Learn more about author and this research . . .


Enhancing Parent Teaching of a Birth Center’s Patients

This study seeks to evaluate the impact of incorporating the HUG Your Baby program into both the continuing education of a birth center staff and the parent education of the birth center’s clients. Parent education included distributing The HUG parent education DVD, “Roadmap to Breastfeeding Success” handout, and a weekly e-newsletter series with attention to normal child development and breastfeeding. Participants in both the control and intervention groups were screened for postpartum depression and were evaluated for their confidence as mothers and their attitudes toward the birth center.

Researchers: Mary Decoster, MPH, IBCLC and Jan Tedder, BSN,FNP, IBLCL,


UNC Family Medicine Residents Teaching and Learning about Newborn Development

Research confirms a lack of adequate training of family physicians about normal child development and parent education. In hopes of developing comprehensive training of the UNC Family Practice residents, this researcher is evaluating the effectiveness of integrating a customized HUG Your Baby online training module into their curriculum. Both faculty and residents will receive and evaluate this teaching module.

Researcher: Julie Monaco, MD, UNC Department of Family Medicine