HUG Research



Peer-Reviewed Published Research on the Impact of HUG Your Baby

Teaching for Birth and Beyond: Incorporating online learning about newborn behavior into the training of childbirth, lactation, and doula professionals

100% of participants confirm that: “This program gave me helpful tools and strategies for teaching parents about newborn behavior”; “This online learning format was easy to follow”; “I would recommend this course to colleagues.” Tedder, J. (2012). International Journal of Childbirth Education, 27(3), 65-68.

Supporting fathers in a NICU: Effects of the HUG Your Baby program on fathers’ understanding of preterm infant behavior 

This study confirms that when fathers with preterm infants are taught the HUG Your Baby material their knowledge of infant behavior increases. Kadivar, M. & Mozafarinia, M. (2013). Journal of Perinatal Education, 22(2), 113-119.

HUG Your Baby: Evidence-based support tool for early child rearing in Japan

This article reviews components of the Japanese HUG Your Baby program, nursing faculty’s positive response to it, and the potential of the HUG Your Baby’ program to improve outcomes for young Japanese families. Shimpuku, Y. and Tedder, J. (2013). Japanese Journal of Nursing Education, 54(12): 1114-1118.

Developing the Japanese HUG Your Baby Program

This article provides an overview of the Japanese HUG Your Baby program, describing the scope of the program, the materials available in Japanese, and the research underway to assess its impact on Japanese families. Iida, M., Shimpuku, Y., Tanimoto, K., Matsunaga, M. & Horiuchi, S. (2017). Journal of Japanese Academic Midwifery, 31(2), 187-194.

Development of a Toolkit for implementation and evaluation of the HUG Your Baby program in a non-profit community setting

Researcher successfully developed a “Toolkit” that increased attendance at a parenting program and enhanced volunteers’ confidence to teach HUG Your Baby. Hughes, K. (2017). Global Nursing e-Repository. May.

HUG Your Baby: Web-based program to help nursing students understand and teach parents about infant behavior

This research confirmed that the introductory two-hour online HUG course increased student nurses’ knowledge of infant behavior and their confidence to teach new parents. Alden, K. (2018). Journal of Perinatal Education, 27(2), 104-114.

Online education for WIC professionals: Teaching child development to extend breastfeeding duration

After completing a two-hour online course, WIC professionals in New Mexico demonstrated increased knowledge of how child development impacts breastfeeding, expressed a stronger intention to teach parents about normal child behavior, and reported greater confidence to do so. The course was viewed as evidence-based, its online format was well-received, and participants would recommend it to colleagues.  Tedder, J. & Quintana, E. (2018). Clinical Lactation, 9(3), 108-118.

Implementing a parent education program [HUG] in the Special Care Nursery

This pilot study demonstrated a decrease in maternal stress and an increase in maternal confidence for postpartum mothers of preterm infants born at less than 35 weeks’ gestation who received HUG Your Baby teaching. Hunter, L., Blake, S., Simmons, C., Thompson, J. & Derouin, A. (2018). Journal of Pediatric Health Care, Aug. 23, 1-7.

“HUG Your Baby”: il metodo per aiutare i genitori a comprendere il neonato

This article describes the background, trainings and resources of HUG Your Baby . It explains how this program is being shared across Italy and the positive feedback received from both parents and the professionals who serve them.   Radazione Universo Mamma, 17 Giugno, 2020

Completed HUG Your Baby Research Pending Publication

HUG Your Baby Program Reduces Postpartum Depression, Anxiety over Infant Crying, and Potential for Child Abuse

East Asian professors of nursing concluded that a HUG Your Baby intervention group (100+ participants) showed decreased postpartum depression, less anxiety about infant crying, and lower risk for child abuse. Lead author: Yoko Shimpuku, Kyoto University School of Nursing

Increased Prenatal Breastfeeding Self-efficacy with HUG Your Baby Curriculum

This award-winning study confirmed that adding HUG Your Baby materials to a childbirth education class increased new mothers’ breastfeeding intention and self-efficacy compared to a control group. Molly Rippe, BSN, and Rhonda Lanning, DNP; UNC-Chapel Hill. Publication pending.

Italian Infant Massage Educators Benefit from HUG Your Baby Training

Infant Massage Educators who completed the Italian HUG Your Baby online course confirmed that it was well-received and enhanced professionals’ knowledge of child development and parent education. Benedetta Costa, PT. Publication pending.

Peer-Reviewed Articles Describe Literature Used to Develop HUG Your Baby

The HUG: An innovative approach to pediatric nursing care

This publication reviews research used to develop HUG Your Baby. The three HUG Strategies—”Start Here, not There,” “See, then Share,” and “Gaze, then Engage”—are also discussed. Tedder, J. & Register, N. (2007). MCN The American Journal of Maternal Child Nursing, 43(4), 210-214.

Give The HUG: An innovative approach to helping parents understand the language of their newborn

This publication describes the medical and child development background used to develop HUG Your Baby. Case studies demonstrate use of these concepts and materials with young families. Tedder, J. (2008). Journal of Perinatal Education, 17(2), 14-20.

The Roadmap to Breastfeeding Success: Teaching child development to extend breastfeeding duration

This publication discusses developmental events from birth to one year that, if misunderstood, can negatively impact breastfeeding duration. Tedder, J. (2015). Journal of Perinatal Education, 24(4), 239-248.

HUG Your Baby Reviews and Textbook Inclusions

Understanding Infant Cues Often Extends Breastfeeding

Successful statewide training of WIC staff, targeted to help mothers avoid over-reacting to normal developmental events, described and discussed as centerfold of annual report. New Mexico Department of Health, New Mexico WIC 2018 Annual Report, 6-7.

HUG Your Baby included in a breakout box in best-selling maternal/child textbook

The authors summarize and cite Jan Tedder’s work in Chapter 23 (“Nursing Care of the Newborn and Family”) under the heading, “Helping Parents Recognize, Interpret, and Respond to Newborn Behaviors.” Perry, S., Lowdermilk, D., et al (2018). Maternal Child Nursing Care. Sixth Edition. St. Louis, MO: Elsevier, 593.

HUG Your Baby Resources for Birth, Lactation and Early Parenting Professionals

The reviewer recommends the HUG Your Baby parent video, Roadmap handout, and music video lullabies for “Everyone working with pregnant and postpartum families,” concluding that “Overall the HUG Your Baby is well rounded, supportive of breastfeeding, and promotes parent-baby attachment.” Reviewed by Karen Meade, BS, MA, RN, IBCLC, RLC, LCCE, CPST (2019). Clinical Lactation, 10(2): 88-89.

International Lactation Consultant Association Positively Reviews HUG Video

“HUG Your Baby touches on an often-overlooked aspect of breastfeeding: a mother tuning into the specific needs and preferences of her unique baby. This concept may change the way you approach breastfeeding.” – ILCA